Publications: Carole Dawn Reinhart

Carole Dawn Reinhart is graciously donating proceeds from her dissertation Women Brass Musicians: Historical Documentation and the Influence of the International Women's Brass Conference on their Profession and book, Aspects of a Career, 3rd Edition to the IWBC. 


The authors have assembled a captivating retrospective about a most remarkable person, Carole Dawn Reinhart. The internationally acclaimed trumpet soloist and teacher paved a positive way for women and men to approach a career in trumpet performance. Her talent, faith and spirit shine brightly throughout these pages. No matter the instrument you play or what your musical goals might be, you're bound to find her story entertaining, informative, engaging and inspiring. 



ABSTRACT: Women Brass Musicians: Historical Documentation and the Influence of the International Women's Brass Conference

The trumpet, forefather of all brass instruments, has always been associated with men. In religion, it personified the voice of God; in war, it was used for military commands and to drive fear into the enemy. For women, access to music and instruments was extremely limited. First in the late 16th century, nuns began playing brass instruments in their convents. Two elements in the 19th century made it possible and necessary for women to learn to play brass instruments. The first was the development of the valve. Brass instruments were able to play chromatic melodies, not only the overtones used for military signals. The second element was the Industrial Revolution, that economically forced many women to look for jobs outside their homes. This lead to wandering groups of musicians and also to special schools where women, who were excluded from studying in conservatories, could learn to play brass instruments. Not only ladies orchestras were popular on both sides of the Atlantic, but also ladies bands. After World War I, women began forming women’s symphony orchestras. Black women made inroads in jazz bands. During World War II, there were many women’s big bands, with both black and white women musicians. A few individual women brass players were able to break through the barriers and achieve musical careers in a man’s world. But still, in 2006, it was a huge sensation when 21 year-old Carol Jantsch won the tuba position with the Philadelphia Orchestra. The International Women’s Brass Conference, founded by trumpeter Susan Slaughter in 1991, contributes to the confidence and success of women brass musicians in the 21st century.